21th July 2022


Toothache is typically caused by tooth decay, it occurs when foods containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches), such as breads, cereals, milk, soda, fruits, cakes, or candy are left on the teeth. Bacteria that live in the mouth digest them, turning them into acids that erodes your tooth which will eventually create holes in them called cavities.


Tooth decay can happen at any age and represents the greatest proportion in dental issues, although cavities are more common in children as they may not brush properly and consume more sugary foods and drinks.

Adults also get cavities. Typically new decay develops around the edges of cavities treated in earlier stages of their life. They also are more likely to have receding gums as they age. This condition exposes the lower parts of teeth to cavity-causing plaque.


Tooth decay on the outer enamel surface doesn't usually cause pain or symptoms. Early signs may include bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth and other signs such bleeding gums. As the decay progresses deeper into the dentin and root, toothache and facial swelling is typically experienced.


  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste for at least 2 minutes each time. Preferably, brush after each meal and especially before going to bed with an electronic toothbrush.
  • Clean between your teeth daily with dental floss or interdental cleaners.
  • Rinse daily with a fluoride-containing mouthwash. Some rinses also have antiseptic ingredients to help kill bacteria that cause plaque.
  • Eat nutritious and balanced meals while limiting snacks. Avoid carbohydrates such as candy and chips which can have remains on the tooth surface. If sticky foods are eaten, brush your teeth soon afterwards.
  • And most importantly is to visit your dentist regularly for professional cleanings and oral check-ups. At Q & M, we have friendly and highly trained professionals to perform checks and provide necessary advices.


Various treatment depends on the severity of tooth decay. When decay is caught early, fluoride treatments can repair tooth enamel. This process is called remineralization. You may need prescription toothpaste and mouthwash, as well as fluoride treatments at the dental clinic. Once a hole forms in the tooth, dentists will drill out the decayed material and fill the hole. Dental fillings are typically made of silver amalgam, composite resin or gold. A root canal treats pain from root decay. Endodontists are dental specialists who treat problems that affect a tooth's root. During a root canal, the provider removes the pulp that contains nerve endings that cause pain. If a root canal isn't possible, your dentist may extract (pull) the tooth. You may need a dental implant to replace a pulled permanent tooth. Implants keep teeth from shifting and changing your appearance and bite.

Disclaimer : All information provided is based on best practices and knowledge. There is no guarantee in any of the statement as provided.

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